Hair loss in women: almost every third person is affected. We help you with valuable tips and inform you about the forms and causes of alopecia. We also tell you what action you can take and how to prevent it. In addition, there are five styling tips for thin hair.
These forms of hair loss exist in women
By and large, there are two forms of hair loss in women: the genetic (androgenetic alopecia) and the non-genetic (diffuse alopecia and alopecia areata). If you know which form of hair loss you suffer from, you can act and counteract faster.
Hereditary hair loss (androgenetic alopecia)
Androgenetic hair loss is, as the name suggests, genetic. Women suffering from this form of alopecia simply have the predisposition to lose their hair. Their hair follicles are sensitive to androgens, more specifically to dihydrotestosterone, a metabolite derived from the manhood hormone testosterone.What are hair follicles? Hair follicles regulate hair production and the hair cycle. They are a kind of invagination in our skin, surrounding the root of the hair and anchoring it there.
The hormone dihydrotestosterone, through its influence on the hair follicles, ensures that the hair cycle, ie the life of a hair, is shortened. The hair does not grow as long as before and fall out sooner. Not only are they getting shorter, but they are also getting thinner, some are falling out and are not growing anymore.
Diffuse hair loss (telogen effluvium)
Your hair is now increasingly accumulating in your brush, in the shower and even on the pillow? You probably suffer from diffuse hair loss. This form of alopecia often causes panic in those affected, since in extreme stadiums even entire hair tufts can fail. But do not panic : Diffuse hair loss is reversible. So your hair will regenerate and you will not get bald. An important sign of diffuse hair loss is that your hair is evenly distributed. In androgenetic hair loss, they fall from the apex starting.
In general, a distinction is made between two forms of diffuse hair loss: acute and chronic diffuse hair loss. We will inform you about both forms and later tell you what the causes are and what steps you can take to get rid of your hair loss quickly.
Acute diffuse hair loss
In this form of diffuse hair loss, the balance of anagen (growth phase) and telogen (resting phase) is disturbed. The resting phase is prolonged and causes your hair to fail within two to four months. The growth will regenerate within three to six when the cause is detected and removed.
Chronic diffuse hair loss
Chronic diffuse hair loss is triggered by long-term changes in the body. Organic diseases such as thyroid dysfunction, liver disease, kidney failure or deficiency symptoms such as iron deficiency, an improper diet or even syphilis can cause permanent hair loss.
The idiopathic chronic diffuse hair loss often enters middle-aged women with thick hair. In some cases even complete tufts of hair break off for more than six months, resulting in light temples. This form of chronic hair loss is still very unexplored, so you should definitely consult a doctor.
Alopecia areata (circular hair loss)
Alopecia areata is characterized by circular, bald spots on the head and body. The exact cause of this autoimmune disease is not yet known. The process is as follows: The immune system is directed against the hair roots, the immune cells attack the hair follicles and these inflame. They eventually fail. But only in the rarest cases the hair follicles are destroyed. As a rule, the bald spots disappear again and hair growth regenerates.
To speed up the new hair growth, you should consult a doctor or get advice in the pharmacy. Options for you are: Dithranol (external use), glucocorticoids (external / internal use), topical immunotherapy (external use), PUVA (external use).You suffer from hair loss if you lose more than 100 hairs per day. If you have noticed an increased drop but are not sure if it really is alopecia, count your fancy hair. If it is over 100, you should consult a doctor.
Androgenetic hair loss in women: one cause, many measures
The cause of hereditary hair loss is the same in women and men: testosterone. Because even women have the manhood hormone in small parts. Estrogen is the antagonist and ensures that hair grows faster and stronger. When women suffer from androgenetic alopecia, it is because their hormone levels are out of balance and the proportion of estrogen in the body goes down.
Hereditary hair loss can begin in women even at a young age. From the age of 30 the hair does not grow in full length anymore and the vertex slowly starts to get lighter. The signs are often not noticed or ignored until it is too late. At about the age of 50, when the menopause begins, the full extent of androgenetic alopecia becomes apparent. We help you with the following measures to prevent hair loss and prevent.
Go to the dermatologist early
The hair follicles responsible for our hair growth are in our skin. For this reason, you should go to the dermatologist if you suspect androgenetic alopecia. The sooner you notice that your hair is dwindling and thinning, the better. So you can take medication for hair loss and you will not be surprised in your menopause with light hair. Perform regular checks to make sure the therapy is working.
A hair transplant
A hair transplant is an extreme but effective measure against hair loss. It can cost several thousand euros and takes several hours, depending on how many hairs are to be transplanted. The hair is taken from the back of the head and used again at the selected places.
Women like to have their hairline transplanted forward or fill their already-turned-up head. Check with the dermatologist thoroughly before undergoing this procedure. Talk to him about a drug treatment for the remaining hair, which could be even lighter.
Stray hair should always be of good quality so it will not rub off on your clothes or even sweat from your head down into your face when you sweat profusely. You can find it in the cheap version in the drugstore or in the slightly more expensive at the barber.
The hair from the tin is suitable for women, in which the hair loss has not progressed so far. Small light spots can be covered well with it, but for larger areas, it then seems very unnatural. Make sure you buy the stray hair in the correct color or ask your hairdresser if you can test it first.
Remedies for diffuse alopecia are not effective in androgenetic alopecia
There are several products for hair strengthening. Your hair will grow faster and thicker and the hair loss will be stopped. But caution is advised: If you suffer from androgenetic alopecia, these products can not help you sustainably. You will not stop or slow down your rising hair loss, just empty your purse.
Contrary to many advertising promises special and especially expensive shampoos help according to experts also not against diffuse hair loss. This is because only the hair surface is treated, although the problem is to be solved on the inside of the hair follicles. What can work are special hair growth supplements that make your hair grow faster. However, faster growth does not save you from androgenetic alopecia from getting your hair follicles to start producing new hair at some point.
Medicines and their side effects
Hereditary hair loss is usually treated with medication. The most common agents for women are minoxidil and androgens. We inform you about their effects and their side effects.
Minoxidil is externally applicable to women and men. and is considered one of the most effective ways. It is available in the pharmacy and stimulates the growth of the hair roots. The effectiveness of Minoxidil is evident after 12 weeks and is even scientifically proven. Studies have confirmed that most women stop hair loss and regrow their hair at about 50 percent.
There may be increased hair loss at the beginning of treatment, but do not worry, this is completely normal. Other side effects include itching and redness on the scalp. After stopping this drug, androgenetic hair loss usually progresses. Intake of Minoxidil is only allowed for women over the age of 18 and is not to be taken during pregnancy or breast-feeding.
Antiandrogens suppress the action of dihydrotestosterone in women. These agents are included in birth control pills, among others. Postmenopausal women also have the opportunity to take cyproterone acetate. It stops the action of androgens (eg dihydrotestosterone) in the scalp.
Before menopause, this drug should rather not be taken, it damages male embryos strongly. Even men have to do without this active ingredient, otherwise their entire hormone balance would be confused. Here you can find out more about hair loss in men. Some antiandrogens can reduce sexual desire. Smokers are generally discouraged because the risk of blood clots is higher than that of non-smokers.
Nettles against hereditary hair loss
The nettle is actually a superfood and should not be underestimated. Dried or boiled, it can be consumed very well. It is considered a home remedy for hair loss and is proven to prevent the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, so stops the source that causes hair loss. Both nettle seeds (eg as a topping for the salad) and nettle leaves (eg in tea or as a salad) can be used. The result is, however, only after a few months of taking.
Diffuse hair loss in women: causes & measures
There are many ways why diffuse hair loss occurs in women. Hairstyles, stress, illnesses, radical diets and hormonal changes. We’ll let you know about all the causes of female pattern baldness so you can better prevent it, and tell you the steps you can take in each chapter.
Hair loss due to certain hairstyles
Especially tightly bound braids, braided hairstyles and hair extensions, which are attached to the scalp, can also cause hair loss. They trigger damage to the hair roots, because the hair is too much tension for a long period of time. Too much and too much smoothing, extreme dyeing and other chemical hair treatments like perms can thin the hair. Do not use the hairstyling methods mentioned if you want to prevent hair loss or get rid of it.
Pregnancy: Hair loss after birth
Hair loss after pregnancy occurs because a lot of estrogen is produced during pregnancy. The hair grows in full splendor until birth. Thereafter, the level of estrogen decreases again and the hair is increasingly falling out. After this phase, which can last up to half a year, normalizes hair growth again. Support your body with all the nutrients that are important to you. Especially beneficial for hair growth are zinc, iron and biotin.
Hair loss by discontinuing the pill
When you drop your pill, your estrogen level drops. Especially with higher-dose pills, your hormone levels can change significantly after weaning. This not only affects your mood and your menstrual cycle, but can also affect your hair. As the ratio of estrogen and testosterone changes, so does your hair cycle. Your hair will fall off faster and grow less quickly.
Let your gynecologist or a dermatologist advise you and make a big blood picture. That’s how you can tell if your body lacks vital nutrients that help promote hair growth. In addition, relieves your liver of the damage caused by taking the pill and refrain as much as possible from smoking, caffeine, alcohol, sugar and an unhealthy diet. The liver support are bitter substances that are contained in ginger, sage or nettle tea. Chicory, cinnamon, artichoke and cardamom are also helpful.
Nutrient Deficiency: Radical diets and unhealthy diet
Women love diets that deliver fast results . Unfortunately, this often results in nutrient deficiency. This in turn can lead to diffuse hair loss. The reason: The exact nutrients that are important for hair growth are missing. Therefore, when dieting, make sure that you lose weight and eat a well-balanced diet to keep your body healthy and fit. Promotional for hair growth are: proteins, minerals, vitamins and trace elements.
These nutrients are important for healthy hair
Vitamin A (Retinol) is indispensable for healthy hair production. It is contained in dairy products, peppers, apricots, carrots and fish oil. Also, vitamin B in all its forms is essential for a healthy scalp. You can find it in yeast, fish, egg yolks, nuts, legumes and wheat germ. With vitamin C , iron, which is important for hair restoration, reaches the hair roots and strengthens the cells. Citrus fruits and various cabbage vegetables are suitable suppliers here. Vitamin tablets should be avoided, so that your body does not suffer an unhealthy overdose.
Biotin prevents splitting and inflammation of the hair roots. You can find it in meat, egg yolk, milk, whole grains and nuts. Egg whites are indispensable for keratin production and also for our hair production. Keratin is the basic substance of our hair and nails. Obtain your protein primarily from plant sources such as potatoes, cereals or soy as meat, eggs and cheese.
Iron , zinc and copper are trace elements and also important for healthy hair. Iron is the basis for growth in the hair roots. The most important supplier of iron is meat. But also chickpeas, spinach, chard, carrots and corn salad bind for vegetarians a good substitute. Zinc promotes hair growth and is contained in fresh oysters, meat, eggs and cheese. Copper deficiency leads to brittle hair. So take enough whole grains, legumes, nuts, dried fruit and yeast to you.
If you suffer from a hyperthyroidism or hypofunction, a symptom of hair loss can be. Hair loss in this case is often accompanied by brittle nails. In a subfunction, your metabolism slows down: you are tired, even though you have slept enough, and you are gaining weight. Over-functioning increases your blood pressure, your metabolism accelerates, and you lose weight. If in doubt, make a blood test at the doctor. This will prescribe you tablets in a reasonable dose in case of illness, and your hair loss will relapse.
Hair loss due to stress
Stress affects our hormone balance and thus our hair cycle. In particular, severe, sudden stress due to loss or other strokes of fate and trauma cause hair loss. Here it is important to interpret the hair loss as a warning signal and reduce the stress quickly. Mental stress can be processed through a therapist or bereavement coping strategies . Talk to someone and get help from friends and family.
Diffuse hair loss and silica
Does silica work against hair loss or not? The subject of silica is controversial and women report on a wide variety of experiences. However, according to a study by the University Hospital Hamburg, the thickness of the silica containing silica can be increased by up to 13 percent. The trace element silicon is not produced by our body, but can be taken in the form of powder, tablets or gel.
Silicon is also known as silicic acid and was taken by the subjects in the form of gel for half a year. Therefore, a six-month silicon treatment is recommended, which can be repeated at any time, if one has the impression that the hair is getting thinner again. However, for longer than six months, the trace element should not be taken in high doses. In addition, silicic acid in its natural form is also found in spinach, potatoes, oats, millet, bamboo shoots and celery. It also strengthens the joints and connective tissue.
5 styling tips for thin hair
If you suffer from thinning hair due to hair loss, you certainly do not only want to do something about it in the long term, but also acutely. That’s why we’ve created a few styling tips for you that are great for thin hair and give you more volume right away.
Dry shampoo and styling powder
Dry shampoo and styling powder not only help with greasy preparation, but can also conjure up more volume in the hair. They become puffier and stay soft. Be careful not to apply too much of the light powder, otherwise a light layer might settle on your hair. Meanwhile there is such a powder also for different hair colors.
A new hairstyle: the Bob
The Bob has proven to be timelessly stylish and is the perfect hairstyle for women with thin hair. The celebrity women make it: The Bob is both for younger women like Gigi Hadid, Emma Stone or Taylor Swift as well as for older women like Cameron Diaz, Gwyneth Paltrow or Reese Witherspoon. He is also one of the most easy-care hairstyles there is. A tip: slightly graduated and with volume foam in the hair it gives even more fullness.
The right hair care (shampoo, spa & Co.)
It is important to focus on proper hair care for thin hair. You should definitely refrain from intensive cures, rinses and oily shampoos. They only complain about your hair and in the worst case even fat it. Ask your barber for advice, if he can recommend you a good shampoo.
Artificial hairpieces are no longer a problem today. Let them use by the professional or just frize them yourself. There are quite natural solutions that cost a bit more. But if you really suffer from your thin hair and your self-esteem would rise through a piece of hair, it’s definitely worth spending a little more for a better quality of life .
Toupieren is an acute solution, but not very healthy for the hair. You put a comb on the lower hair (not the top hair) and comb it up. The result is small tufts of hair that hold your top coat up and make it voluminous. If you back off too much and too often, your hair may break off. Toupieren should therefore only be the absolute stopgap for special occasions